Bed bug bites: What you need to know

7 min read

Bed bug bites can cause skin irritation, sores, or itching. This can affect sleep patterns and increase the chance of skin infections.

The best way to reduce the chance of getting bitten is by practicing good hygiene. Antihistamines are also effective.

This article discusses the treatment and prevention of bed bug bites in detail.

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs are a small parasitic insect that feeds on human blood.

Transmit diseases bites, health concern.

A bed bug uses a tube-like structure known as a proboscis, which is used to penetrate the skin of a victim and ingest their blood. Pests are active at night and in the early morning when people are sleeping.

One in five Americans has personally experienced bed bugs or knows someone else who has.


Bed bugs will bite anywhere there is skin. Bites are most common in exposed areas of the body when sleeping.

  • Neck
  • Face
  • Hands
  • Shoulders
  • The arms of the armed forces
  • Legs

Some people don’t feel the bite or have any symptoms at all other than the small dots around the bite and minor inflammation and irritation. Some people are hypersensitive and experience more severe symptoms.

Symptoms can appear more or less instantly after a bite. However, they may also develop over the next few days. If the symptoms do not worsen, they will usually resolve within a few days.

Bed bug bites can cause some discomfort. Itching and inflammation are common. Bed bug bites can also cause:

  • a burning painful sensation
  • A raised, itchy bump that has a clear central area
  • A red, itchy bump that has a dark central area and a lighter swelling around the edges.
  • Small red bumps, welts, or lines in a zigzag or line pattern
  • small red bumps surrounded by blisters or hives
  • Skin with flat or raised patches or papular eruptions that are inflamed
  • Small spots of blood from bites are often dried on sheets or bedclothes
  • Bed bug droppings can cause reddish-brown or reddish-brown dried staining on fabrics.
  • As they mature, nymphs shed their white or clear skins.

The sores that result from bug bites and bites on humans are affected by the individual characteristics of both the bug and the person.

Bed bug bites can cause severe symptoms and reactions in some people. The following symptoms are serious and require medical attention:

  • Having difficulty breathing
  • Blisters
  • Feeling nauseous, or having the flu
  • swollen tongue
  • Heartbeat irregularities

Other Symptoms

Bed bugs can lead to additional health problems.

  • Increased risk of infection due to skin surface compromise
  • Sleep Deprivation The thought of being fed can be stressful. As the bugs feed only at night, many people avoid sleeping or only sleep fitfully or restlessly.
  • Decreased well-being: A continual lack of sleep has been linked to feelings of depression, anxiety, and fatigue. Bed bugs are associated with a lack of cleanliness and this can lead to depression.


When it comes to bed bug bites that are not complicated, there are few treatment options.

  • Cleaning the wound is recommended as a first line of treatment, ideally using soap and water.
  • The following remedies may help relieve itchy bites.
  • Online, you can purchase hydrocortisone over the counter.

Anti-itch Creams


  • The majority of wounds will heal themselves within a few days, and sometimes even two.
  • A person should consult a doctor if severe swelling, inflammation, or itching occurs or persists.
  • An allergic reaction can be indicated by a dramatic immune response. In this case, you may need to administer one of the following:
  • an injectable corticosteroid


epinephrine medication

Antibiotics can be prescribed if an infection occurs.

If you experience severe itching, you may develop complications such as infection or scarring. People who experience severe itching may be prescribed antihistamine pills, liquids, or creams containing corticosteroids.


Bed bugs can be distinguished from other pests and recognized to prevent infestation.

A 2017 study found that 35 percent of American business travelers polled and 28 percent of leisure travelers could not tell a bedbug apart from other household pests.

  • Nymphs are young bed bugs that have the following characteristics:
  • Being less than 5 mm long
  • The color of the wavy-yellow or clear-colored
  • Invisible without a magnifying glass or microscope
  • If they’ve just fed, the nymphs can be identified by their reddish brown abdomen.

The adult bed bug is usually easier to identify than the nymph. Adult bed bugs have the following characteristics:

An oval-shaped body

Apple seed size

A relatively flat body, unless it has been recently inflated and fed

  • Shell color can range from reddish brown to light brown or tan depending on when it was fed.
  • A length between 5-7 millimeters.
  • Three segments of an antenna, four yellow hairs, and wings that are not usable
  • A musty, stale, or sweet scent is released from glands in the underbelly.
  • To control bed bugs, it is necessary to identify and destroy the eggs.

On average, a female can lay 345 eggs in her lifetime. Females who lay eggs often increase their feeding frequency and volume to support a brood.

Bed bug eggs can be identified by their:

  • They are usually laid at the same place where the female chooses to rest
  • They look like tiny pearly-colored barrels that are no larger than a pinhead.
  • After a few days, they will develop an eye spot.


To prevent bed bug bites, you must stop insects from entering human environments, feeding on them, and reproducing.

Bed often hiding cracks furniture, walls, mattresses day.

Bugs hidden folds seams furnishings. Found vacuum units canisters.

Insects tend to hide in places near sleeping areas, such as bedrooms. Infestations of bed bugs in other rooms can be a sign that the infestation is severe.

Bed bug infestations are most common in the following areas:

  • Apartment or condominium buildings
  • Large office spaces
  • Hotels
  • vacation rentals
  • Cruise ships
  • daycares
  • nursing homes
  • College dormitories and housing units
  • Public transportation includes airplanes
  • shopping malls
  • Second-hand furniture stores
  • Urban areas
  • Renting a home

Bugs spread by.

  • Second-hand or used furniture
  • New furniture or textiles exposed during transit to bedbugs
  • Items of luggage
  • Chairs or loungers that people use to fall asleep
  • Bed linen or bedding
  • Moving or storage boxes
  • Shipped items are especially important if they have been stored at multiple locations or warehouses

Bed influenced sanitary messy conditions.

If infestations aren’t properly removed, they can be found in higher numbers, for example, in hotels.

Control bed bugs

Tips for controlling bed bugs and preventing infestations at home include:

  • Avoid items or furniture from areas infested with bed bugs or common environments, like apartment buildings.
  • Choose furniture and items that are made of materials such as stone, plaster, metal, or plastic.
  • Use products such as glue, calking, or caulking to fill or seal cracks and crevices.
  • Regularly clean bedding and bedclothes.
  • Dry bedding on high heat.
  • Vacuum all upholstered items, including pillows, mattresses, etc., regularly and thoroughly.
  • Use high heat to clean heavier bedding, such as mattresses, pillows, and comforters. Modern washing machines have a “dry steam” option that is ideal for this.
  • Hand steamer can be used to kill bugs and eggs in luggage.
  • Keep luggage off the floor, furniture, and beds when traveling.
  • When entering hotels or other hotspots for pests, check for bedbugs.
  • Where there is a single bed bug, there are often many more, usually in the area surrounding or adjacent to infected items or rooms.
  • As much skin as you can while sleeping.

Furniture or items infected by the disease may have to be destroyed in severe or persistent cases. The best way to do this is by burning.

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